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May Birthstone Guide

natural green marquise cut emerald gemstone image

natural green rectangular square cut emerald gemstone image

genuine emerald cut green emerald gemstone image

Marquise Emerald Gemstone

Fancy Cut Emerald

Fancy Cut Emerald


Pronunciation: EM-ER-ULD

Emeralds are beryl, a relatively common mineral. This Emerald mineral is used as a gemstone, and is very popular as Emerald earrings, Emerald pendants, and Emerald rings. The most desired color is an intense grass green which is considered very valuable, even when visible inclusions are present in the faceted gem. Emerald gems are often enhanced with oils and resins, and they are generally considered to have undergone such treatments unless they are specifically stated as being untreated. Whether treated or untreated, Emerald jewelry is truly fantastic, whether your Emerald jewelry is gold or silver! The Emerald is the anniversary gemstone for the 35th year of marriage. Commonly known as the May birthstone, Emeralds are linked to Taureans and Gemini's.

Emerald Variations Image



History/Lore

The Emerald, one of the earliest known gem minerals to man, has been related to a large number of occult properties over the last 6000 years. Some of these beliefs are: the Emerald is a symbol of immortality; it is good for the eyes and eyesight; it cures snakebites; it encourages and preserves chastity. In general it can be said that Emeralds are believed to protect against illnesses, physical danger and evil and that it can improve your mind and character. No wonder so many women love to wear Emerald necklaces and Emerald earrings! It keeps the Emeralds near their mind.

Science/Chemical

Unlike other beryl minerals, Emeralds often contain inclusions, feathers, and tiny fractures, which are commonly called "Jardin"(from the French word for "Garden" because of their resemblance to foliage. These "imperfections" are not looked on as a negative, but instead are considered part of the Emerald’s character. They are used to assure the purchaser that the Emerald is a natural gemstone. The famous Emerald Cut was developed specifically for this gem to reduce the amount of pressure exerted during cutting. On the Mohs scale, Emeralds are rated at a 7.5-8 for hardness. (The Mohs scale of mineral hardness was devised by German mineralogist Frederich Mohs in 1812. He selected ten minerals because they were common or readily available and rated them. The scale is not linear, but arbitrary.)

Care and Cleaning

The best way to clean Emerald jewels is with soapy water. Steam cleaners will damage these gemstones, as will ultrasonic cleaners.

Emerald Fame

In the 1500's, while searching for El Dorado and its untold wealth, Cortés and Pizarro began stripping the Americas of Emeralds, sending them back by the boatload to Spain. In Spain, they were distributed amongst their own families, royalty and noblemen throughout Europe and Asia, awaking much interest and adoration for this radiant green gem; however, the task of securing these highly prized gems certainly wasn't straightforward. While combing the dense mountainous undergrowth, the Spanish Conquistadors came across the Muzo Indians. The Muzo Indians fought and defended for over 20 years, until, with the help of Juan Penago, the Spaniards pressed on and won. In 1555, during a bloody battle Penago's horse kicked up a shower of large gleaming green crystals from the bed of a bubbling stream, and in doing so uncovered the source of the fabled Muzo Emeralds, which today are still considered the world's finest. So now you see the true value of Emerald jewelry... Emerald bracelets, Emerald necklaces, Emerald everything!

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